WW2 British Cruisers

United Kingdom (1931-35) 63 cruisers 1919-45

From the C-class to the Tiger

The history of development of British cruisers is an interesting one. We can find only two loose equivalent: US Navy cruisers, and IJN cruisers. In common with the USN, a peacetime

County class cruisers
County class cruisers - HMS Devonshire as built

Overview: 63 cruisers

Heavy Cruisers


Light cruisers


Wartime Cruisers

Treaties

Treaty of Washington (February 6, 1922)

Treaty of London (22 April 1930)

Second Treaty of London (9 December 1935)

Nomenclature of British Cruisers

C-class Cruisers (1917)

HMS Carslisle
The HMS Caledon in 1944 in the mediterrannean

The Caledon class was ordered in December 1915 and the 6 class ships put into service in 1917. They retained the two-chimney silhouette of the previous two class "C" series (started in 1913 and which included the Carolina classes). , Calliope, Cambrian, and finally Caledon and Ceres).

Their propulsion was slightly different, their superstructures were also slightly modified. They had a main armament at the origin of five 6-inch (152 mm) pieces and a two-3-inch (76 mm AA) secondary armament, reinforced with four anti-aircraft 3-pounder (45 mm). Three of the four Caledon class ships participated in the Second World War, with a number of modifications. The Cassandra was disarmed before the war. Five Oerlikon 20 mm pieces were added to all ships, as well as new fire control equipment and antennas. The Caledon itself was completely taken over in 1942-43 for conversion into an AA cruiser, armed with six 102 mm turret pieces, two 40 mm Bofors guns (single carriages) and eight 20 mm Oerlikon new rangefinder, radar, and ballasts of 200 tons. The latter served in the North Atlantic, mediterranean in Alexandria, then in the Red Sea, and finally the Indian Ocean until 1942. He then returned to Chatham for his conversion, and then served Scapa Flow, then in the Mediterranean, participating in the Anvil-Dragoon operation (landing in provence). He ended his career in Greece, then returned to France at the end of the war. Put in reserve, it was demolished in 1948.

The Calypso was first used to hunt down the German blockade enforcers (he captured two), then raiders like Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. Finally, he was sent mediterrannée and sunk by the submersible Italian Bagnolini in November 1940. On his side the Caradoc was released from his reserve in 1939 to transport gold in New Scotland, track down the German blockade force (she also captured two), then escorted to the Atlantic. In late 1942 he joined New York for a short redesign, and then went to serve in the Indian Ocean and South Africa, based in Durban. On site, he served as a training ship for gunners. He then joined colombo where he served as a floating headquarters until the end of 1944. In 1945 he returned to France and was disarmed.

Characteristics (Caledon, 1943):

Displacement: 4200 t. standard -5320 t. full charge Dimensions: 137.20 m long, 13 m wide, 5 m draft. Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers, 40,000 hp. Maximum speed: 29 knots. Armament: 6 pieces of 102 mm DP (3x2), 8 Bofors 40 mm (2x2, 4x1), 15 of 20 mm AA. Crew: 470
HMS Curacoa
The HMS Curacoa in 1942.

The Ceres class succeeded the Caledon, it was in fact the last of the long series of "C", light cruisers standard of the Royal Navy during the great war. It consisted of 5 buildings, ordered in 1915, launched in 1916-17 and in service in 1917-18. Their bow was judged "wet" (they tended to "sting" in the heavy weather), their superstructure was higher and their armament was still composed of 6 pieces of 152 mm in simple carriages originally, but the footbridge and the wider hull allowed to install the front piece on a deckhouse. Their career was long since they participated in the Second World War. In 1935, the Curlew and the Coventry were taken in May for reconversion into antiaircraft cruisers, with 10 pieces of 102 mm in single carriages, 8 bofors. The Curacoa followed the same reconversion in 1940, but with 4 double turrets. A quadruple bofors was placed on the front deckhouse. The other two served "in their own juice", still receiving a huff-duff antenna and some modern amenities, as well as anti-aircraft parts of 20 mm. The Curlew was sunk in Norway, the Curlew in front of Tobruk and Curacoa in October 1942, after a fatal collision with the Queen Mary.

D-class Cruisers (1918)

(To Come)

Enterprise class Cruisers (1919)

Emerald class cruisers
Enterprise class cruisers - HMS Emerald as built

Emerald class cruisers
HMS Enterprise in June 1944, during Operation Overlord.

The two Enteprise class vessels (Enterprise and Emerald) or class "E" were the last British light cruisers built during the Great War. However, the lack of men and the priority given to the destroyers caused their launch only in 1920, and they were completed, with revision, in 1926.

They were originally built to counter Rapid minesweeper cruisers Germans Brummer and Bremse, operational late 1917. They were fast and could support 33 knots, using the engines of the class-leading Shakespeare flotilla engines, mounted in pairs, with a classic artillery largely above the "D" class. However, they will be reclassified as light cruisers thereafter. This classic artillery consisted of the last 152 mm (7 single pieces, one of which was at the front of the Emerald) and a double turret for the Enterprise, which was the first to have one at the front. With a complement of four tubes of torpedo tubes, these buildings were formidable, although in 1926, their design was dated or obsolete. The first pencil strokes were laid in 1917 and much of their equipment was the 1916 standard.

The two ships will receive a seaplane catapult in 1936, which will be deposited in 1944, because in the meantime they were equipped with high-performance radars. Their torpedo tubes were replaced in 1929. Finally their DCA was reinforced in 1940, with the addition of two quadruple Bofors 40 mm benches, while in 1942 their torpedo tubes benches were deposited in favor of 16 to 18 20 mm Oerlikon AA pieces. Until 1939 they were both stationed in the Far East and also in the Mediterranean. Their career was quite active: Enterprise, returned to France, carried out escort missions, participated in the Norwegian campaign, fought in Narvik and was touched. After repairs, he joined force H in the Mediterranean, and participated in the operation "Catapult" against Mers-el-Kebir. Then it was the Indian Ocean, the Far East. He returned to the metropolis for recasting, then was assigned to hunt the German blockade force.

In December 1943 he hired and destroyed a destroyer and two German torpedo boats, then took part in escort missions until June 1944 when he participated in the landing. In January 1945 he was transferred to the reserve and did only secondary missions such as the repatriation of troops. He will be disarmed and demolished in 1948. HMS Emerald received radar and new tripod poles in 1940, losing a 152 mm piece. He was escorted to the North Atlantic, transported the gold reserves to Halifax (58 million pounds sterling), and was assigned to the Indian Ocean. He returned in 1941 in the Mediterranean and in the Persian Gulf.

He operated on the Iraqi coast, and in the Red Sea. In December, he was part of the Z force (Singapore). He did not accompany the ships of Tom Philips during their fatal exit and became in fact the only major ship of this force, before having to evacuate the port before the fall of Singapore. After his revival in the metropolis, he returned in 1943 to assist the 4th squadron of cruisers in the Indian Ocean. In 1944, he attended the landing by shelling the beach of Gold Beach. After being put on the reserve shortly thereafter, he was reduced to sub-sidiary roles before being struck off and demolished in 1948.

Characteristics (HMS Enteprise, 1944)

Displacement: 8250 t. standard -10 220 t. Fully Loaded
Dimensions: 173.70 m long, 16.6 m wide, 6.6 m draft (full load).
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Brown-Curtis turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 80,000 hp.
Top speed: 33 knots.
Armor: Maximum (belt) 75 mm, masks of parts 100 mm.
Armament: 7 x 152 mm (1x2, 5x1), 5 x 102 mm MK VIII AA (4x1), 8 x 40 mm AA (2x4), 18 x 20 mm Oerlikon.
Crew: 680

Hawkins class Cruisers (1917)

hms Frobisher HMS Frobisher on the Normandy coast in June 1944.

The Cavendish class, also sometimes called "Hawkins" was a class of heavy cruisers dating from the end of the Great War, and bearing the names of Elisabethan corsairs. They were designed by observing the success of the German raiders in 1914 (including the epic of Admiral Von Spee) but also a drawing of 1912 on distant stellar ships capable of countering German cruisers armed with 170 pieces. mm, thanks to a combination of 190 and 152 mm pieces. Efforts had been made on their autonomy, and a final displacement of 9000 tons. In their final design in 1915, they were also able to face any cruiser of the time thanks to their powerful 190 mm artillery with no less than 7 pieces under masks, distributed in the axis, with two side pieces almost in the center, which gave them a 6-roomed edge... They were finally to succeed battleships-cruisers and protected made obsolete by their use of coal and their noticeable slowness. A new generation of buildings, but which figured as "ancestors" in 1939.

hms effingham HMS Effingham in 1940

The class then counted only the Hawkins, the Frobisher, the Effingham, and the Cavendish, the Raleigh having been lost on an unlisted reef off the Labrador coast in 1922. The Vindinctive had been turned into a gate. -was then in fast supply ship in 1935. (See in Auxiliaries). These buildings, which were a model for the corresponding class of the Washington Treaty by the time the latter entered service (1922), were modernized in 1936-38, at the time of disarmament, because of international tension. Their submarine torpedo tubes were removed. Their old 76mm DCA pieces were replaced by four 102mm quick-firing rounds, and 10 40mm quadruple and single carriage pieces and 9 Oerlikon 20mm pieces. They received much more AA coins during the war, and were equipped with a Type 273 centimeter radar, a Type 286 aerial radar antenna, and Type 275 electronic fire control systems.

In addition, the Frobisher received two types of 282 for his 40 mm carriages. The latter was also removed from its 190 side pieces in favor of additional pieces of 102 mm turrets. Their blended heating was fuel-only and their boilers were replaced by more modern models. Most served to escort convoys. The Effingham on its side was rebuilt in 1937: Its engine was modernized and its chimneys truncated in one, its artillery was replaced by 152 mm quick-fire parts under masks, three of which were superimposed on stepped bridges to the 'before. He was in a way the prototype of the future "Dido".

The Effingham was lost early in the war, in 1940, on a reef in Norway. But before that he had transported two million pounds of gold from the Bank of England to Nova Scotia, chased the German raiders into the Atlantic, and then participated in the Norwegian campaign. Torpedoed by the U38, he survived, was repaired in record time and returned to operations, fighting in particular in Narvik. This was there that she met his destiny. The operator of the cards for the anecdote, had made a route so thick that it masked a reef of the map of the Navik passes. It hit the reef in the middle of the night, opening a huge gap in its flanks, which caused a rapid shipwreck. Fortunately, most of his crew managed to escape and swim back to the shore. It was completed by friendly artillery fire to prevent it from being captured and reduced to a wreckage four days later.

During his peacetime career, the Frobisher served in India, the Atlantic and China. He had been disarmed in 1930, then serving as a naval school, but modernized and rearmed between 1940 and 1942. He was sent quickly to the Far East where the situation was deteriorating, and fought the Japanese until his return in late 1943. She served then escort in the Atlantic then made the fire support in Normandy in June 1944, especially in front of Sword Beach. He was torpedoed at night by an S-Boote in August, repaired at length and finally partially disarmed to serve as a school ship, a role he held until it was set aside and then demolished in 1949.

On his side, the Hawkins served in the South Atlantic, based in the Malvinas, to intercept potential privateers from Germany wishing to cross Cape Horn. Then he was sent to the Indian Ocean, including a raid on Mogadishu against the Italian forces sinking several ships and capturing a cargo ship. After a redesign until the end of 1942, he was sent to the Far East to assist the Frobisher against the Japanese. Then he returned in time to participate in D-Day operations in Utah Beach. Afterwards, it was demolished after the war.

Characteristics (HMS Hawkins, 1940)

Displacement: 9550 t. standard -13 160 t. Full Load
Dimensions: 184.40 m long, 19.8 m wide, 5.9 m draft (full load).
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Brown-Curtis turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 65,000 hp. Maximum speed 30.5 knots, 7000 nautical RA at 12 knots.
Armor: Maximum (belt) 75 mm, masks of parts 100 mm.
Arament: 7 x 190 mm (7x1), 4 x 102 mm MK VIII AA (4x1), 8-10 x 40 mm AA (2x4, 4x1), 8-10 x 20 mm oerlikon AA.
Crew: 760

Interwar cruisers

County class Cruisers (1926-31)

hms Frobisher
HMS Suffolk in May 1941, during the chase of Bismarck.

hms Frobisher HMS Norfolk in May 1941, also during the pursuit of Bismarck, their radar, although small in scope, were of great use.

hmas australia
The HMAS Australia of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), in 1942. In 1944 she will be attacked by suicide bombers and hit by six aircraft.

The HMAS Australia of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), in 1942. In 1944 he will suffer the attacks of suicide bombers and will be hit by six aircraft. The county class, named after parts of Britain ("counted"), was the largest and most used "standard" heavy cruiser class of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. They respected the limits of the treaty, being just under 10,000 tons, but with standard 8-piece 203 mm artillery in four double turrets.

Designed to operate in remote stations or the presence of a ship line was superfluous, they had a great autonomy and their large hull solidly built and well protected that made them very livable, they also had "tropical" comfort equipment. Their crews therefore particularly appreciated them. A total of 15 units were produced, in three subclasses (Kent, London, Norfolk) carrying significant improvements, while maintaining their silhouette "three pipers" and their long hull flush-deck so characteristic... They were officially classified " A "(cruisers" treaty ") and these were the only ones. With the following lightened B (York crisis of 1929), we moved on to a new, more modest stabdard, before arriving at the Southampton, a "heavy cruiser" (London Treaty name of 1930) fully armed. light pieces of 152 mm for saturation shots. Of course, these buildings were modernized in the 1930s, receiving radars, sonars, more modern telemetry equipment and a more consistent DCA, around the classic 40 mm bofor carriages (the famous "pom-pom") and 20 mm pieces.

Oerlikon, not counting additions during the war. This modernization consisting in an increase of the weight, to remain within the limits of the treaty, one operated a removal of a good part of the back of the hull on the Cumberland and Suffolk of the Kent class (see illustration above) a large hangar was added for Walrus seaplanes. The other units of the class (Berwick, Cornwal, Kent) were not modified in the same way, but in the end the limits were exceeded, with probably more than 10,600 tons of lees, which the admiralty did not bother to communicate. to the government, other emergencies being more pressing...

hms London The London class also included the Devonshire, Sussex and Shropshire was amputated its side ballasts to save weight at the expense of the ASM protection, offset by the installation of a second internal belt partition... Their hull was slightly elongated, the saving a quarter of a knot. Their footbridge was moved further back and their chimneys lengthened. In 1932 catapults were taken for two aircraft.

They also gained 102 mm double carriages instead of their original single carriages, but four were moved over all the Bofors quadruple chimneys and carriages added, plus two 12.7 mm quadruple carriages. Between 1938 and 1941, the London was the only one in the class to be completely rebuilt and modernized (see image). The Norfolk class, which also included Dorsetshire, were the last of the series. Their superstructure was lowered and lightened, but their new turrets and 203 mm hulls were heavier in the end. Their DCA was increased considerably and they were the first to be equipped with a type 283 radar. Losses during the war included Cornwall and Dorsetshire (sunk by the Japanese air force off Ceylon on 5 April 1942 at the same time). moment that the Hermes), and the Camberra (Australian), destroyed after an artillery duel off Savo and completed by the USS Ellet. None was lost in the Atlantic or the Mediterranean. They were scrapped in 1948-1955

Characteristics (HMS Suffolk 1940):

Displacement: 9550 t. standard -13 160 t. Full Load
Dimensions: 184.40 m long, 19.8 m wide, 5.9 m draft (full load).
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Brown-Curtis turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 65,000 hp.
Top speed: 30.5 knots, 7000 nautical RA at 12 knots.
Armor: Maximum (belt) 75 mm, masks of parts 100 mm.
Armament: 7 x 190 mm (7x1), 4 x 102 mm MK VIII AA (4x1), 8-10 x 40 mm AA (2x4, 4x1), 8-10 x 20 mm oerlikon.
Crew: 760

York class Cruisers (1931)

hms York
HMS York in May 1941, Suda Bay (Crete).

hms Exeter
HMS Exeter lduring her epic duel against the Graf Spee in Southern Atlantic, september 1939

The York class was thought by the admiralty as a solution of economy in a context of global stock market crisis and resumption in 1929. The tonnage was the first concern. Exit the large hull very livable of the "County" precedent, it returned to a hull in more classic stall, shorter by more than almost twenty meters, and especially the sacrifice of a turret 203 mm. The tonnage saved (4000 tons), however, served to better concentrate and distribute the armor, which was ultimately thicker and more effective, although still too little face to the bombs of aircraft as the York demonstrated later.

The York (launched in 1928 and completed in 1930) was followed by the Exeter (1931). The latter differed in a hull wider than 2.5 cm. The two buildings were particularly distinguished by their superstructures, totally different. The class was followed by no sister ship. The Surrey class, which derived from the Yorks, and reconnected with 8 main pieces, was never broken. The York received in 1933 two pieces of 40 mm and several in reinforcement of 20 mm in 1941. The Exeter was almost entirely rearmed after his duel with Graf Spee. The York was assigned early in the hostilities to Force H to hunt down the German raiders. He intercepted and sunk the Arucus, a German blockade fortress in the Skagerrak Strait in March 1940, fought in Norway, then was sent mediterranean, to Malta and Alexandria. Anchored in the bay of Sude (North of the ridge) during the defense of the island in May 1941, it was attacked by stars MAT commandos Italian in full night, and sent by the bottom.

The bay being shallow he landed straight, the bulk of its hull remaining out of the water and its armament fully operational. It was then that the Luftwaffe took it to task the following days. Raid after raid the Stukas pounded him to death. The British themselves, deciding the general evacuation, blew it up on May 22, 1941. (See also the crest operations). For his part, the Exeter, also in the Force H participated in the hunt for Graf Spee, accompanied by two light cruisers, and distinguished himself in the famous Battle of Rio de la Plata. Severely damaged, he struggled to Port Stanley for rough repairs, then the metropolis, where he remained in repairs and overhauled nearly 14 months.

It was used in 1941 with new tripod masts, rangefinders and firing lines, and a reinforced DCA with 8 pieces of 102 mm in double turrets, 16 of 40 mm in two octuplets, and an improved increase for its main parts of 203 mm. Thus parried, he quickly passed the Suez Canal to reach the Far East, and the Composite ABDA fleet under the command of Dutch Rear Admiral Karel Doorman fighting against the Japanese. After the fall of Singapore, he had joined Java, the last allied stronghold before Australia. would try to oppose the passage of a convoy of 40 ships of the Nippon invasion force, heavily guarded by 4 heavy cruisers and 15 destroyers. The challenge was to ward off the fall of java, potentially opening the doors of Australia.

During the first battle of the Java Sea, the Japanese, whose morale was excellent, began a duel of artillery while their destroyers were approaching for a massive torpedo attack. the Exeter received a large caliber shell from the Nachi in its engine room and was forced to move away at 16 knots, compromising the cohesion of the Allied force. Two days later, he was again facing the Japanese heavy cruisers Nachi, Myoko, Ashigara and Haguro, each with 4 pieces of 203 more than him, and he suffered a deadly fire. He was saved only by the resolute action of his escort, the destroyer HMS Electra. With the arrival of the night, the Dutch ships were sunk, and the Exeter forced to flee again, joining Surabaya. Temporarily repaired, he tried to rejoin with his destroyers the port of Ceylon.

But the Exeter, for lack of sufficient repairs, could only slip 23 knots, and on March 1 at dawn, when the value had been spotted by the Nipponese aviation, it was caught by the four Japanese cruisers. The Exeter, and its destroyers HMS Pope and Encounter, faced each other for two hours before being destroyed all three. the exeter, capsized, refused to sink, however, and it was decided to scuttle it. During these preparations, a Jponais destroyer approached and torpedo him at point-blank range. She exploded and sank, taking away the rest of his crew. The survivors were picked up by the enemy squadron and suffered the same terrible fate as other British forces trapped in the Far East.

Characteristics (HMS Exeter, 1941):

Displacement: 8390 t. standard -10 410 t. Full Load
Dimensions: 175 m long, 18 m wide, 5.2 m draft (full load).
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 6 Admiralty boilers, 80,000 hp. Maximum speed 32.5 knots, RA 10,000 nautical at 14 knots.
Armor: Top (belt) 75 mm, turrets 60 mm, ammunition magazines, citadel 120 mm.
Armament: 6 x 203 mm (3x2), 8 x 102 mm MK VIII AA (4x2), 16 x 40 mm AA (2x8), 2 x 533 mm TTs, 8-10 x 20 mm oerlikon, 1 seaplane.
Crew: 630

Leander class Cruisers (1931)

work in progress

Perth class Cruisers (1931)

The Australian light cruisers, (Perth, Hobart, Sydney) were built specifically for the Australian Navy. They were largely inspired by the Leander, but were distinguished by their two funnels reflecting another arrangement of boilers rooms. The armament was the same and they carried a reconnaissance seaplane. Their AA was modified in 1939: HMAS Hobart and Perth would receive four more modern twin 4-in dual-purpose turrets.

Their career was very active. In the Indian Ocean at first, searching for German raiders. It was during such a meeting that Sydney confronted KMS Kormoran, certainly the most powerful of these auxiliary cruisers of the Kriegsmarine. The fight began with a torpedo fired by the Germans in close quarters, hitting the forward turrets. Sydney replied with her aft turrets, still at close range. But the Kormoran unleashed a full broadside of her 150-mm guns, while Sydney retaliated with more artillery fire, including DP and AA, launched her torpedoes, and sent the corsair by the bottom. But at this point she was burning from stern to stem, listing and sinking, so she was evacuated and sank some time later. HMAS Perth was sunk in March 1942 during the battle of Sunda Strait, with the remains of the ABDA force. Another victim of seemingly invincible Japanese cruisers. HMAS Hobart sank after she took a torpedo in July 1943, and stayed 17 months in repairs. But she survived and soldiered on until the end of the war, and with the cold war RAN until 1962.

HMS Sydney in 1941
HMAS Sydney in 1941, shortly before his fight against the German raider Kormoran

Specifications

Displacement: 7 200 t. standard, 9 500 t. Fully Loaded
Dimensions: 171,37 m long, 17,27 m beam, 5,80 m draft
Machinery: 4 shaft Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 72,000 shp
Top speed: 32,5 nœuds
Amor (max, belt): 90 mm.
Armament: 4x2 152mm (6 in), 4x2 102mm (4 in), 2x4 40 mm AA Bofors, 2x4 533 mm TTs (21 in), 1 seaplane
Crew: 570

Arethusa class Cruisers (1932)

hms Arethusa
HMS Arethusa in 1941

The Arethusa class was the second light cruiser type after the end of the Great War. They fit within the confines of the Washington Treaty, with a classical configuration, but taken from the Amphion group of the Leander class. The Admiralty wanted to save money (as for the York class) and withdrew a turret, the artillery to 6 pieces instead of 8. This saved tonnage and allowed to build an additional cruiser.

Design:

The Arethusa was designed to operate against enemy cruisers and protect trade routes. It was therefore considered that his artillery was sufficient in this role. The emphasis was on speed, to the detriment of protection that was barely over 70 mm. The class consisted of Arethusa, Galatea, Penelope and Aurora, the first accepted in service in May 1935 and the last in November 1937. Of the six ships planned, only four were completed. Tonnage was used for other buildings of a redesigned configuration. Their AA range from secondary single carriages (105 mm - Arethusa, Galatea) to double carriages on the other two pairs of cruisers. Subsequently Galatea was rearmed in 1940 with 2 quadruple bofors 40 mm (2pdr Mk.VIII), a type 284 radar and an aerial surveillance antenna type 280.

Wartime Modifications:

In August 1941, it was added four 20 mm Orerlikon, and modifications similar were undertaken on Galatea and Arethusa. These four ships had a catapult with a Fairey Fox or a Hawker Osprey, but it was landed so as not to overload with the addition of DCA and because of the use of antennas standby and radar more efficient. At the end of the war, the addition of various equipment represented nearly 700 tons. Their hull was considered very satisfactory and was taken over for the construction of the Dido.

Operational career:

The four ships served in the middle of the year, and had a busy career. The Galatea was sunk in December 1941 by the U-557 in front of Alexandria, and the Penelope in front of Anzio in February 1944 (by the U-410). The other two survived the war. The Arethusa was scrapped in 1950, and the Aurora was transferred to China Nationalist in 1950 (renamed Chungkinh), but captured by the Communists, it was then served under several names and was scrapped in the sixties...

Characteristics

Displacement: 5520 t. standard - 6600 t. Full Load
Dimensions: 154 m long, 16 m wide, 5 m draft (full load)
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 64,000 hp - Maximum speed 32.2 knots, RA 5300 nautical at 13 knots.
Armor: Maximum (belt) 60 mm, 60 mm turrets, ammunition magazines, citadel 90 mm.
Armament: 6 x 152 mm MkXXIII (3x2), 8 x 102 mm MK XVI AA (4x2), 8 x 12.7 mm AA (2x4), 8 x 13 mm Vickers, 6 x 533 mm TTs (2x3).
Crew: 500

'Town' class Cruisers (1936)

hms York
HMS Sheffield in May 1941, during the Bismarck hunt, he played a leading role in keeping in touch, but was almost sunk by Swordfish...

hms York
HMS southampton 1942 The HMS Southampton in Crete in 1941. This was one many British victims of the Stukas of the Luftwaffe. Coming soon: HMS Edinburgh.

The Town class or officially "Southampton" named after the first cruiser launched of this type, was the subject of quite lengthy preliminary studies, stemming from both the experience gained with the "washington cruisers" and the (future) developments of the Treaty of London. The underlying idea was to build light cruisers within the meaning of the Washington Treaty, not exceeding 155 mm in size, while taking advantage of the absence of tonnage limitations. This gave, in Japan with the Mogami class, and in Great Britain, a generation of "light cruisers" with impressive armament (with 12 to 15 guns) to heavy cruiser tonnage. Four turrets (five Japanese), gave these buildings a capacity of "saturation fire" rather than a smaller volume of fire but with shells with greater penetrating power. The originality of the mounting of guns on these ships was the use of a shorter turret center piece to avoid visual interference for telemetryists.

In addition the top of the turrets was opened in front in an unusual way so as to allow an antiaircraft fire - which was used, with a mixed success because of the relative slowness of these parts (compensated by the use of the fast charging system ABU ), against the Luftwaffe. They also received the latest fire control equipment, HACS and Admiralty fire control Table for their secondary and main artillery. The Southampton class consisted of 10 buildings divided into three classrooms, Southampton (Southamtpon, Newcastle, Sheffield, Glasgow, Birmingham), launched in 1936 and completed in 1937, Gloucester (Liverpool, Manchester, Gloucester), launched in 1937 and completed in 1938-39. Edinburgh (Belfast, Edinburgh) launched in 1938 and completed in August and July 1939.

The latter were very different because they were 7 meters heavier, 1900 tons heavier, with a modified propulsion and catapults for 3 aircraft (against 2 on the others), resulting in the movement of the funnels to the rear, or their particular aesthetic, and finally a reinforced AA armament and TLT triple benches, superior armor, makes it the best ever designed for a cruiser of the Royal Navy... The idea behind was to equip them with quadruple turrets for their 152 mm, giving them a volley of 16 pieces, able to put them on par with the Japanese cruisers compared ables. But the technical difficulties and the imminence condemned the project in the first place.

During the conflict, they were all fights. The Southampton was sunk off Malta in May 1941, while the Manchester was very badly damaged in front of Malta by Italian MAS (Torpedo Launchers), and considered irrecoverable, scuttled by his commanding who then passed court martial... Finally, the Edinburgh was torpedoed in the North Atlantic on April 320, 1941, escorting one of the first convoys to Murmansk (the PQ17), by the U456. Severely hit, making water, but his leaks partially stopped by the closure of the affected sections, he was towed at a dramatically low speed to Murmansk, accompanied by destroyer HMS Foresight and three minesweepers, under constant threat from the Luftwaffe whose bombers torpedo boats succeeded one another without success.

But his fate was in fact sealed by the arrival of three German destroyers off the Isle of Bear, warned by a reconnaissance aircraft from Norway. The ship put to perform circles and defend themselves somehow. The fight, homeric but unequal because of its impossibility to maneuver properly, seemed a moment to turn to his advantage, she damaged the Z7 (Ernest Shoemann), and the Foresight and the draggers successfully kept the other two away, but unfortunately, one of the torpedoes she launched and missed the destroyers hit the cruiser exactly the opposite of the impact previously made by the German submarine. This time the ship was abandoned. 700 men were recovered, 56 had died as a result of the attacks. The Southampton had validated their idea of an imposing battery of light pieces, so that the following classes (Colony, Tiger and Swiftsure), resumed the same concept, but reduced because of economy and speed of construction with three turrets.

Town class Specifications

Displacement: 8,940 t. standard -11,540 t. Full Load (13,175 t Edinburgh class)
Dimensions: 180 m long, 18.9 m wide, 6.3 m draft (full load) (Edinburgh: 187x19,7x6,8 m).
Propulsion: 4 shaft Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 75,000 hp (82,500 Edinburgh).
Top speed: 32 knots, 6500 nautical RA at 13 knots.
Armor: Maximum (belt) 75 mm, turrets 60 mm, ammunition magazines, citadel 120 mm.
Armament: 12 x 152 mm MkXXIII (4x3), 8 x 102 mm MK XVI AA (4x2) (12 Edinburgh), 8 x 40 mm AA (2x4) (Edinburgh 16), 8 x 13 mm Vickers, 6 x 533 mm TTs (2x3), 2 walrus seaplanes (3 Edinburgh).
Crew: 750

'Crown Colony' class Cruisers (1940)

hms colony
HMS Gambia in 1942, for the protection of convoys in the North Atlantic.

The "Colony" or "crown colony" all bore the names of colonies of the British Empire, perhaps to evoke their role of shepherd threatened maritime routes ... Still, these heavy cruisers were to be at the beginning, when they were drawn in 1939, "Southampton" simplified for an accelerated construction. And in fact, while carrying the same main artillery (twelve pieces of 152 mm) and a compact and reinforced DCA (thanks to the "pom-pom" quadruple bofors), they were shorter, lighter, and better rationalized, in particular concerning the distribution of the shielding.

Design of the Crown Colony class

Their square stern was a first in the royal navy for ships of this tonnage. Subsequently, the Swiftsure and Tiger that followed remained in the same hull plan and arrangements. No fewer than 11 cruisers were launched in 1938-39 and completed between May 1940 and July 1943, including Fiji, Nigeria, Kenya, Mauritius, Trinidad, Gambia, Jamaica, Bermuda, Newfoundland, Uganda and Ceylon. Despite their exotic names evoking tropical lands, they were mostly deployed in the cold waters of the Atlantic and the North Sea. Despite the adoption of a forward radar, they had a catapult between the fireplaces and two Supermarine Walrus patrol seaplanes. Their AA was during the war, considerably reforced by simple 40 and 20 mm carriages.

The Crown Colony class in action

Their service was particularly active therefore, and quickly attached their crews for their robustness. They resisted in particular to torpedos and air attacks, even to naval engagements of surface bitter. HMS Fiji was thrown by the U 32. Although he survived enough to be towed to an arsenal for six-month repairs, he was attacked by the Luftwaffe in May 1941, badly hit but his crew managed to hold it afloat for five hours, allowing him to be evacuated. For its part HMS Trinidad, going to Murmansk, received one of his own torpedoes launched during a rough clash in March 1942, whose rudder was distorted. This "boomerang effect" put him out of action for some time in Kola. Again, he had survived, and summarily repaired, made way with the return convoy, to be attacked by the Luftwaffe in May 1942. Framed by several bombs and then hit, he caught fire and was finally evacuated before sinking, after scuttling ( to prevent it from being captured). Torpedoes and guided bombs also struck four other cruisers of this class, who also survived. These ships served well until the 1960s before being disarmed, but two continued their career under the Peruvian flag, and Nigeria under Indian flag...

Characteristics

Displacement: 8350 t. standard -10 450 t. Diving
Dimensions: 169.3 m long, 19 m wide, 6 m draft.
Propulsion: 4 shaft Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 72,500 hp. Top speed: 31.2 knots.
Armament: 12 x 152 mm (4x3), 8 x 102 mm (4x2), 12 x 40 mm (3x4), 6 x 533 mm TTs, 2 seaplanes.
Crew: 920

'Dido' class AA Cruisers (1941)

Dido class

Characteristics (Dido)

Displacement: 5950 t. standard -7350 t. Diving
Dimensions: 156 m long, 15.40 m wide, 5.4 m draft.
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 62,000 hp.
Top speed: 32.2 knots.
Armament: 8 x 133 mm DP (4x2), 12 x 40 mm (3x4), 6 x 533 mm TTs.
Crew: 530

'Bellona' class AA Cruisers (1942)

hms bellona
HMS Bellona in 1943, Western Approaches camo.

The HMS Bellona in 1943, protection of the convoys, camouflage "western approach". These ships were derived from the previous "Dido" by equipping themselves with revised AA artillery, uperstructures and lower chimneys to clear the firing range. For the rest, they shared the same hull, facilities, the same turrets (shooting notoriously slow for the anti-aircraft defense), the "C", the highest of the front, giving way to a lookout 40 mm Bofors. These 5 buildings were started between November 1939 and February 1940 and completed between 1943 (for the first four, HMS Bellona, ​​Black Prince, Royalist, Spartan) and early 1944 for the Diadem. They served mainly as escorts in the North Atlantic. The only casualty of this class was HMS Spartan, sunk by a German guided Henschel Hs293 jet launched from a Dornier 17 on January 29, 1944. One of the first victims of an "anti-ship missile"... Their career continued years after the war, but the Diadem was sold to the Pakistant in 1956 and became the Babur. He had a very long career under this new pavilion.

Characteristics (Bellona)

Displacement: 5950 t. standard -7350 t. Diving
Dimensions: 156 m long, 15.40 m wide, 5.4 m draft.
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 62,000 hp.
Top speed: 32.2 knots.
Armament: 8 x 133 mm DP (4x2), 12 x 40 mm (3x4), 6 x 533 mm TTs.
Crew: 530

Swiftsure class (1944)

work in progress

Characteristics (hms swiftsure)

Displacement: 5950 t. standard -7350 t. Diving
Dimensions: 156 m long, 15.40 m wide, 5.4 m draft.
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 62,000 hp.
Top speed: 32.2 knots.
Armament: 8 x 133 mm DP (4x2), 12 x 40 mm (3x4), 6 x 533 mm TTs.
Crew: 530

Tiger class (1944)

work in progress

Characteristics (hms tiger as planned 1944)

Displacement: 5950 t. standard -7350 t. Diving
Dimensions: 156 m long, 15.40 m wide, 5.4 m draft.
Propulsion: 4 propellers, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 Admiralty boilers, 62,000 hp.
Top speed: 32.2 knots.
Armament: 8 x 133 mm DP (4x2), 12 x 40 mm (3x4), 6 x 533 mm TTs.
Crew: 530

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Πολεμικό Ναυτικό
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 大日本帝國海軍 Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Российский флот Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 中华帝国海军
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Πολεμικό Ναυτικό
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 大日本帝國海軍 German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Российский флот
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskaya Flota
US Navy USN (1990)


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