Type Ia U-Boats (1936)

Germany (1936) U25, U26

Type Ia, the oceanic type

U25

The Unterseebooten Typ I, were in direct line inspired by the Spanish E1 and various other international orders (Turkey, Finland, Holland...) made at The Hague. They were oceanic types, therefore openly violating clauses of the Versailles treaty. By their general configuration, they announced the famous class VI, with their standard features, a Kiosk with reinforced open bathtub and platform for a 20 mm AA gun, a deck gun and 6 torpedo tubes (two stern, four bow) plus powerful MAN Diesels.

However, they were little more than preseries prototypes with only two submersibles built: The U25 and the U26, testbed with some disappointing characteristics: Their MAN diesels proved troublesome, their seakeeping and maneuverability were poor. Goebbels however, used them extensively for propaganda and they were used in between for training. Both submersibles had a short but "productive" wartime career: The first sank 6 freighters before hitting a mine off the coast of Norway in August 1940. The second, U26, sank four freighters before being sunk by an escort in July 1940. The U1-U24 series had been attributed to the Type IIA coastal submersibles.

Precursors:

Finnish Vetehinen class (1930)

Vetehinen launch at Turku
Vetehinen's launch ceremony at Turku

Although the type was developed by the Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw den Haag it was built in Finland, at the Crichton-Vulcan shipyard in Turku. The former was a dummy company, a subsidiary of Deutsche Schiff- und Maschinenbau AG-AG Weser established in 1920 to circumvent the Treaty of Versailles ban and maintain German engineering skills sharp in submarine design. This was an important step as the model was derived from the late WW1 era Type UB III and Type UC III. These boats were larger than usual at 6.2 m (20.3 ft) in beam (for 3.6 m/11.8 ft in draught and 63.5 m/208.3 ft in length), so a ratio of 1/10.

She was also 493 tonnes surfaced, 716 tonnes submerged. The Vetehinen class boats were indeed designed as minelaying submarines with mineshafts for 20 mines on each side and built-in inner rails for two 450 mm (18 in) torpedoes to be launched instead of the 533 mm (21 in) model, which was quite unique at that time. They were still very large stocks of that smaller caliber reserved to merchant traffic. The first was built 1926–27, launched on 1 June 1930 and commissioned on 13 October 1930. Two other boats followed, the Vesihiisi and Iku-Turso.

Spanish E1/Turkish Gür (1930)

TCG Gur
Spanish E1 in drydock at Astilleros Echevarrieta y Larrinaga in Cádiz

In 1929-30 by Astilleros Echevarrieta y Larrinaga, Cádiz in Spain produced a submarine initially ordered by Turkey. This unique boat has been designed in the Netherlands-based NV Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw (IvS). As General Primo de Rivera's showed interest for a submarine for the Spanish Navy, German naval officers (including Wilhelm Canaris) went to Spain to meet Spanish businessman Horacio Echevarrieta. A single order was passed in 1929 and the submarine was launched on October 1930. The new boat made her sea trials in 1931 as E-1, not commissioned yet by the Armada.

However in between, the political situation changed with the rise of the Second Spanish Republic. Immediately, alignment went back to the West and a British design was preferred. The boat was offered for sale and while Echevarrieta was jailed in October 1934, the Spanish Navy eventually sold TCG Gür to the Turkish Navy in 1935. In between, Soviet engineers tested the E-1 and, and created an improved E-2 class, known as the Soviet S class. Gür was commissioned on December 29, 1936 and served until 1947. A 650 tonnes, 72.38 m x 6.2 m x 3.48 m boat, she was considered in many aspects as the prototype of the Ia serie. Her closest counterparts back in WW1 was probably the UB III with aspects from the U93. Another posterior design that was influential to the Ia was the Swedish Delfinen class (Three boats laid down in 1933 at Kockums Mekaniska Verkstad in Malmö), and after the Ia, the 1938 Romanian Requinul and Marsuinul also incorporated some aspects of the design.

Design of the Type Ia

Both were constructed by Deschimag in Bremen, yard number 903, laid down in 1935, just after the arrival of Hitler and after the London treaty that watered down the naval conditions of Versailles and granted the Kriegsmarine some breathing space, or the 1933 Geneva disarmament conference, in which Hitler rejected the 1919 treaty clauses. The first Type IA was launched on 14 February 1936, name U-25, available after the coastal Ia-Ib series. Despite previous studies made in the Netherland and construction experience in Spain, the cost was about a hefty 4,500,000 Reichsmark. The Type VII which was derived halved that and this went far below as production was stepped up and simplified during the war.

The Type I was a relatively large oceanic type, displacing 862 t (848 long tons) on the surface, and 982 t (966 long tons) submerged for 712 tons standard as designed. It was also relatively large at 72.39 m (237 ft 6 in) by 6.21 m (20 ft 4 in) in beam and 4.30 m (14 ft 1 in) in draught. The Type VIIA of 1936 was 1/3 lighter and smaller, had a smaller gun, and one less stern torpedo tube, but it was the basis for the largest submarine series in history. In many aspects, the Type I looked like a stretched-out version of the Type VII aft. Power and range were indeed both superior. So the type should be also considered as a prototype for the enlarged Type IX of 1938, which improved the original model in all directions but had relatively similar size and capabilities, but more torpedoes and an additional 37 mm FLAK gun mount.

For propulsion, the Type Ia was given two MAN M8V 40/46 8-cylinder diesel engines rated for 2,900–3,080 PS (2,860–3,040 shp or 2,130–2,270 kW), coupled with two BBC GG UB 720/8 double acting electric motors producing 1,000 PS (990 shp or 740 kW). This allowed a top speed at the surface of 17.7–18.6 knots (32.8–34.4 km/h; 20.4–21.4 mph) and when submerged, this dropped to 8.3 knots (15.4 km/h; 9.6 mph). Diesel allowed for a good range, which was about 7,900 nmi (14,600 km; 9,100 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) on the surface, but fell to 78 nmi (144 km; 90 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) when submerged. She was dive-tested at 200 m (656 feet) but it is not known if she could have survived 250 m as some wartime U-bootes experienced.

Type G7e Torpedo

As for armament, the Type Ia possessed both bow tubes (four) and stern tubes (two) of the same caliber, 533 mm (21 in). This was a caliber fitted to sink warships, not merchant vessels. 22 G7e torpedoes were carried. The G7e type was electric, Electric with Lead-acid batteries. It was 7.16 m (23.5 ft) in length. The type carried was the first, called T2 and introduced in 1936. It can reach a target at 3000 m, running at 30 knots (56 km/h). This was not impressive as the submarine had no chance hitting a destroyer, cruisers or the new fast battleships. Instead, merchant traffic was targeted as shown by their short career. In addition, there was a 10.5 cm (4.1 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 45 calibers long, 1.8 tons, with 180 rounds in store, placed on the forward deck with a 360° traverse and 44.4° up to 80° elevation. It fired a 15.1 kilograms (33 lb) explosive (HE) shell at a 10,300-metre (33,800 ft) ceiling for AA use, while naval range was 15 kilometers (16,000 yd). The gun was enough to at least set on fire, and possibly sink a freighter. According to Conway's, either a 2 cm Flak 30/38 or a 3.7 cm SK C/30 FLAK gun was mounted in the kiosk's aft bathtub platform ("120 mm C30", probably typo). However these boats were fitted with 28 × TMA mines, and did some minelaying missions.

Closeup of the 2 cm FLAK 38 - credits uboat.net
Closeup of the 2 cm FLAK 38 - credits uboat.net

The Type Ia in action

The two boats produced, U-25 and U-26, were primarily used as training vessels and for propaganda purposes. In 1939 and 1940, these boats were called into combat duty due to the shortage of available submarines. Both boats experienced short, but successful combat careers, sinking 19 ships and damaging two, but were lost in 1940.

U-25

U-25
Since her commission 1940 in April 1936, U-25 has been used as a training vessel but also acted when it was required as a propaganda tool by the Nazi government. Despite the history of development before the type, U25 and 26 proved disappointing after some intensive use: As reported, this was a difficult boat to handle. Stability was at fault, as well as a slow dive rate. However early in 1940, as the war called for underwater warfare, U25 and U26 were drafted for combat missions. U-25 made five war patrols, during which she sank eight ships, leaving another badly damaging. This represented a total of 50,255 gross register tons (GRT). This was good for the start of the war and a hunting board 1944 German submariners could only dream of. However, on 1st August 1940, she was patrolling off Norway, making a minelaying operation, but went through the British mine barrage n°7, struck a mine and sank with all hands.

U-26


U-26, like her sister, was used as a training vessel/propaganda tool. Trials showed also the same poor handling and bad stability, slow dive rate. It seems this called for modifications. In 1940 Germany was launching an all-out submarine and surface raider campaign, and at that time, U-boats were in short supply. Therefore both experimental submarines were called to help, and started offensive missions. U-26 however, started operations in 1939.

U-26 made six war patrols, sinking eleven ships, sending a 12th to the drydock for a year. In September 1939 she was deployed already in the Atlantic prior to the invasion of Poland. The Oberkommando der Marine (OKM) was to sent her waiting for the greenlight for a minelaying operation at Portland Harbour (Dorset, UK), commanded by Klaus Ewerth. She was refitted for the task until 28 August. She made from 4 September three attempts to evade ASW patrols before penetrating the harbor, eventually laying her mines off a point named the Shambles. This mission was quite dangerous, and she barely escaped, making her reports long after, Admiral Dönitz in between fearing she was lost, ordering to change the Enigma machine settings. But her mines sank three freighters (17,414 GRT tons total and badly damaged the corvette HMS Kittiwake in November 1939.

-On her second patrol she entered the Mediterranean Sea. She sank in February 1940 three other ships. Her fourth mission in April saw her sinking yet another freighter. Her fifth mission was in June, and she sank three more ships. In July 1940 she operated off the coast of Ireland, sinking the 4870 tons British cargo Zarian. However she was hunted down by a flower Corvette and badly damaged by depht charges southwest of Ireland, and those from an Australian Short Sunderland. She was scuttled but her crew survived and was interned in a POW camp at Duff House, Banff, Scotland.

U26, photo from the Deutsche Museum
U26, photo from the Deutsche Museum

U26 dodging grenades from RAAF Short Sunderland
U26 shot by a RAAF Short Sunderland during attack, dodging grenades. Australian War Museum.

Specifications Type Ia

Displacement: 848t surface/970t dive
Dimensions: 72.40 x 6.20 x 4.30m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 MAN boilers, 2 electric motors, 1540/500 hp. and 17.8 surface / 8.3 knots diving
Crew: 43
Armament: 1x 105 mm gun, 1x 20 mm AA gun, 6 TLT 533mm (4 av, 2 ar, 14 torpedoes)

Type Ia, U26
Type Ia, U26, as built before modifications, author's illustration 1/200 scale

U25
U25 Hailfisch with war paints and camouflage, 1940. Author's illustration 1/200 scale

Sources:
Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1922-1947
Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945
Osprey's Williamson, Gordon (2005). Wolf Pack: The Story of the U-boat in World War II

The Ia on uboat.net
About the Vetehinen class
About the Ingenieurskantoor vor sheepsbouw submarine desin bureau
The Type I on wikipedia
The Type I on uboataces.com
wikivisually - 1st U-boat Flotilla
pinterest's adolfo7283 u-boote color gallery
on brendtandbrendt.com
http://www.kbismarck.com/u-boot/utyp_ia.html
http://www.heiszwolf.com/subs/plans/plans.html
http://www.rcboot.de/forum/
http://discaircraft.greyfalcon.us/Sub.htm about the IXB U112
https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ref/AxisSubs/index.html
https://www.schiffsmodell.net/index.php?/forums/topic/8571-u25-von-krick/
http://www.mille-sabords.com/forum/index.php?showtopic=40300&st=25

Naval History

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Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskaya Flota
US Navy USN (1990)


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