The German Cruiser Emden
First postwar cruiser in Germany, the Emden (from the city, also to honor the famous 1914 corsair cruiser) was authorized in 1921 in an unfavorable economic environment and suspicious allies. The Emden was directly modeled after the last class cruisers of the great war, namely the “Königsberg II”. Configuration of the main armament in 152 mm cannons under masks was not of the highest standard compared to those to be developed, but the Reichsmarine was forbidden to study more modern turrets.
The Emden in action
After the commissioning of the first ship of the Köln class, the Emden was reclassified as a cadet training ship. Under the command of Karl Doenitz, she participated in several international peacetime tours. With the outbreak of war she actively participated in operations in Norway (Weserübung), without notable action, and the rest of her career was spent in the Baltic, training Sea Cadets. In 1945 she participated in the evacuation of civilians and troops from East Prussia trapped by Soviet Forces, and later brought troops from Norway. She also carried the remains of Marshal Hindenburg. Badly damaged in April 1945 by the RAF, she was scuttled at Heikendorfer Bucht and dismantled after the war.
Emden in China, 1931
KMS Emden specifications
|Dimensions||155.10 x14.30 x6.60 m|
|Propulsion||2 screws, 2 Brown-Boveri turbines, 4 coil/6 fuel oil boilers, 45 900 cv|
|Speed||29,4 knots (54 km/h; 34 mph)|
|Range||6,700 nmi (12,400 km; 7,700 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Armament||8 x 150 mm, 3 x 88 mm, 4 x 20 mm AA, 4 TT 533 mm (2×2)|
|Armor||Belt: 50 mm (2.0 in), Deck: 40 mm (1.6 in), Conning tower: 100 mm (3.9 in)|
KMS Emden on her way to Oslofjord in March 1940 – notice the camouflage
The Emden in 1939. It was apparently never camouflaged but perhaps according to this reference, with a dark central band to make it shorter.