Devonshire class Armored Cruisers

HMS Devonshire, Antrim, Argyll, Carnarvon, Hampshire, Roxburg (1904)

The synthesis of past designs

These 6 ships were an attempt to improve general characteristics while keeping dimensions and tonnage acceptable. For the rest, nothing really changed, nor the armament that remained identical (in fact, it up to the caliber 190 mm) or machinery, with a lower speed due to the upward movement.

They all had different boilers, and were considered as good walkers, exceeding their test speeds. These ships had a slight increase in shielding at the waist, but the rest was unchanged and rather light.

After completion, these ships were based in territorial waters within the Home Fleet, except for HMS Carnarvon, which was posted to Gibraltar for 2 years, and Hampshire, which did the same in 1911 and then moved to Hong Kong in 1912.

HMS Antrim captured a German freighter as early as August 6, 1914, then in the Grand Fleet. He narrowly escaped October 9 to the torpedoing of an unidentified U-Boote. She joined Arkhengeslki in June 1916, then left for South America and then the Indian Ocean.

She returned in December 1917 in the metropolis, was parked in reserve and then resumed service in August-September 1918 before being returned to reserve, then transformed into an experimental ship for the Asdic in 1919. She became a training ship cadets until in 1922.

HMS Argyll captured a German freighter on 6 August 1914 but landed on the Bell Rock reef on 28 October 1915.
She was evicted by his crew without losses, but reduced to wreckage. HMS Carnarvon captured a German freighter, then assigned to Cape Verde in August 1914. She was in front of Montevideo in October, and led a squadron to the Falklands in December. She suffered extensive damage to the Abrolhos reefs and was repaired in Rio. She was then assigned to North America, then to the Indian Ocean until 1918 and sold in 1920.

HMS Devonshire captured a German freighter in the Atlantic Ocean in August 1914 and was assigned to Scapa Flow and Norway. From December 1916 to November 1918 she was posted to the East Indies, and sold in 1921.

HMS Hampshire captured a German freighter in August 1914 and participated in the hunt for the Graf Spee and Emden squadrons.

She then returned to the mainland in the Grand Fleet and was sent to the White Sea to escort convoys to Russia. He took part in the Battle of Jutland with 2 cruiser squadrons, and then took Lord Kitchener and his staff on a secret mission to Russia. On June 5, 1916 she struck a mine in front of the Shetland and sank quickly, leaving only 12 survivors.

HMS Roxburg captured a German freighter on entry into the war, and was torpedoed on June 20, 1915, narrowly escaping sinking. Repaired, she served from April 1916 in Norway. She was then assigned to the East Indies and North America Station in September 1916 at the armistice, escorting local residents. In this capacity he managed to spur and sink the U89. She then served as a test ship at Portsmouth before demolition in 1920.
(To come – This article is a starter)

Links

The Devonshire class on wikipedia
Specs Conway’s all the world fighting ships 1921-1947.

Devonshire specifications

Dimensions144,32 x 20,9 x 7,3 m
Displacement9 600 t, 10 850 T FL
Crew665
Propulsion2 shafts 4-cyl. TE, 21 boilers, 21 000 hp.
Speed22 knots (41 km/h)
Range 6,680 nautical miles (12,370 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Armament4 x 190 (4×1), 6 x 152, 2 x 76, 18 x 47, 2 x 457mm TTs (sub).
ArmorBelt 152, Battery 105, Barbettes 152, turrets 76, CT 305, decks 60 mm.

Gallery


Author’s profile of the Devonshire class in 1914.

Monmouth class Armoured Cruisers (1901)
Town class cruisers

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