Soviet Frigates

120 Frigates

Petya class Frigates -54 ships (1961-82)

Petya class by Andreas Sporri

Designated project 159 and derivatives, the Petya are the standard ASM frigates of the 60s and 80s. 37 buildings were built between 1960 and 1982 (four modified versions). The first were the Petya I (completed in 1961-64), 16 ships, and a small series of 4 Petya I modified in 1973-82 (Project 159M). It was also the Petya II (project 159A), completed in 1964-69, 27 units, and finally 19 Petya III, completed in 1968-77 for India (10), Ethiopia (2), Syria (2 ), Viet-Nam (3).

Note: This is an introduction on the matter, a starter article. It will be extensively rewritten soon, with the carrer of each ship detailed, and posted on Facebook.

The last two will serve as training ships in the Russian Navy. These were the first ASM frigates, and the first Russian ships to use combined gas and diesel turbines (CODAG). Their weapons and their sensors varied according to the types (Petya I and II modernized or modified). The Petya II possessed, for example, two RBU 6000 rocket launchers and two five-fold TLT ASM benches. One of them tested an ASM SUW-N-1 missile launcher and two more variable depth sonars. Five Petya II were subsequently exported (Vietnam, Etrhiopia). In 1987-88, 3 were withdrawn from service and placed in reserve, followed by 8 in 1988-90 and 5 in 1990-91.

Petya class
Author’s Petya illustration

Specifications

Displacement: 950, 1150t FL
Dimensions: 82.5 x 9.2 x 2.9 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 word. CODAG, 36,000 hp, 32 knots max.
Crew: 90.
Electronics: Don-2 Radar, Slim Net, Hawk Screech, Herkules Sonar, Helicopter Sonar, 2 LL ECM Watch Dogs.
Armament: 4 guns 76 mm AA (2×2), 2 LR RBU 2500, 2 banks ASM grenades, 1×5 TLT 406 mm ASM.

Mirka class Frigates -18 ships (1964-66)

Mirka class Project 35 1985

Designated Project 35 and 35M, the Mirka are modest ASM frigates, developed around RBU rocket launchers. They have 4, 6000 model, with 12 tubes each and 240 rockets in reserve. Each has a remote adjustable depth charge. This armament is completed with an ASM load bench at the stern (for some of the Mirka I), and a five-fold bench of acoustic torpedo tubes, or two triples and only two RBU rocket launchers at the rear (Mirka II). project 35M). The modernization of the Mirka II ft places the installation of variable depth sonar (SPV) instead of its ASM grenades benches at the stern. A total of 18 buildings will be built, which will be used until 1989-90. 5 were withdrawn this year, and another 3 in 1991. The others followed in the course of 1995-98.

Mirka class
Author’s Mirka Class Frigates illustration

Specifications

Displacement: 950, 1150t FL
Dimensions: 82.5 x 9.2 x 2.9 m.
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 word. CODAG, 30 + 12,000 hp, 32 knots max.
Crew: 30.
Electronics: Radar Don-2, Slim Net, Hawk Screech, Sonar Herkules, SPV (Mirka II), 2 LL ECM Watch Dog.
Armament: 4 guns 76 mm AA (2×2), 4 LR RBU 6000, 1 ASM grenades bench, 1×5 TLT 406 mm ASM.

Krivak class Frigates -40 ships Krivak I, II, III, IV (1971-1990)

An aerial starboard bow view of the Soviet Krivak I Class guided missile frigate 959 at anchor
An aerial starboard bow view of the Soviet Krivak I Class guided missile frigate 959 at anchor.

The frigates of the Krivak class were the new standard of Soviet frigates in 1970: They were the first Russian missile frigate. As early as 1956, a search for a successor to the “Petya” began. It was originally a unit with 76mm and 57mm AA guns, and TLT benches, but the design evolved. In 1963, a medium and short-range missile ship was searched for the Baltic and Black Sea fleets. The first project 935 specified two SA-N-4 triple ramps at the front. He progressed to an ASM role as well and became Project 1135, with a single SS-N-14 “Flint” ASM / AN ramp.

This is how the Krivak class began, by far the most ambitious yet conceived. The Krivak I (1971-82; 13 ships) had the standard armament described below in the tables. The Kivak II (11 vessels) were a further subclass comprising a variable-depth sonar housed at the stern, and two single 100mm guns replacing the 76mm. It appeared in 1978. The Krivak III (1984-90) is a redesigned version to accommodate the new SS-N-15 missiles. These 10 ships were also used by the KGB. Finally the Krivak IV are not an official underclass but a set of modifications and modernizations applying to 5 Krivak I units. The Zarkiy and the Komsomolec received in 1988-91 a new hull sonar and their RBU rocket launcher 6000 were replaced by 8 single ramps SS-N-25. Total: 34 units, the last of which was launched in 1990 and operational in 1991. In 1990, there were 33 in service.

Their CODAG high-pressure turbine machines (combined gas and diesel turbines) gave 32 knots, contrary to the first speculation from the west, talking about 38 knots … On November 9, 1975, a munition broke out on the Storozhevoi. The political commissioner on board managed to train the rest of the crew in a “protest visit” to Leningrad, denouncing the corruption of the communist regime. The frigate was intercepted en route by bombers and warships and forced to obey the threat. The fate of the political commissar makes little doubt and the rest of the crew was broken down between various units, the mutiny being hidden for a long time in the West… Currently, the Krivak are also in service in Ukraine (2 units completed in 1991), two others withdrawn in 1992, three disarmed in 1994, and another in reserve.

Krivak
Author’s Krivak illustration

Specifications

Displacement: 3300t, 3575t FL
Dimensions: 123.5 x 14.1 x 4.6 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 CODAG turbines, 72,000 hp. and 32 nodes max.
Crew: 200
Electronic: Don-2 Radar, Don Kay, Spin Through Net C, 2 Eye Bowl, Kite Screech, 2 Pop Group, Bull Nose Sonars, Mare Tail SPV, 2 CME Bell Shroud, 2 Bell Squat, 4×16 LL.
Armament: 1×4 LM SSN14, 2×2 LM SN4 (silos, 40), 4 guns 76 (2×2), 2 LR ASM RBU 6000, 8 TLT 533 mm (2×4) ASM, 20 mines.

Parchim II class frigates -8 ships (1985-1989)

Parchim
Parchim KRI Pati Unus – Indonesia Navy.

It is rare for ship transfers to be made in the opposite direction by Russian big brother. This was the case for the frigates of the GDR class Parchim, accepted by the USSR as a return in kind of his aid. (the “marshall plan” of the east). The “Parchim” is German, multi-purpose ships, were 24, built at Peenewerft, of which 16 used by the East German Navy and transferred the Indonesian Navy and Parchim II 8 into the Russian fleet of the Baltic. They are still in use.

Parchim
Author’s illustration of the Parchim

Specifications

Displacement: 800, 950t FL
Dimensions: 72.5 x 9.4 x 4.6 m.
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 M504 diesels, 14,200 hp, 28 Knots max.
Crew: 60
Electronics: Spin Through, Bass Tilt, MF Sonar and SPV MF, 1 CME Watch Dog.
Armament: 1 barrel 76 mm AA, 2×4 SA-N-8, 4 TLT 533 mm ASM, 1 30 mm Gatling AM, 2 LR RBU 6000 (144), 2 ASM Grenade racks.

Kashin class destroyers (1964)
Kiev Class aircraft carriers (1972-82)

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