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Tennessee class battleships

24/01/2021: Tennessee class Battleships (1919)

Weekly Update !
The Tennessee class battleships were among the last dreadnoughts of the “standard” type started in 1911. They had triple batteries fore and aft like their precedessors the New Mexico, but also had systematically a mixed powerplant using a turbo electric drive, a better range and improved ASW protection, as they were a post-Jutland design.
Both were attacked at Pearl Harbor, but Tennessee with far less consequences than her less lucky sister ship California. The former was therefore rebuilt and modernized at Puget Sound for a year and a half, and was ready by the mid-1943, while California had to wait until early 1944. They actively participated in the island hopping campaign of the pacific until its conclusion, and the battle of Surigao Strait, last capital ship engagement in history. They earned battle stars while covering virtually landing operations of 1943-45, while fending off many kamikaze attacks until the end of the war. These rugged veterans stayed in reserve until 1958.
A 2019 article by Timberwolfmgs, rewritten and completed this year.

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Naval Encyclopedia is the first online warship museum. Dedicated to the history of all ships of the industrial era, roughly since 1820 to this day. Although the main scope is about the XXth century through four main eras (WW1 and second world war, cold war and modern-day fleets), the website also covers (and will cover) civilian liners, first steamers, ships from the age of sail from the ancient ships of classical antiquity to medieval ships and renaissance vessels up to the enlightenment era ships which ambition also to cover most main types of ships of the time and famous examples.

Naval History is indeed quite old and warships has been a constant evolution, just as tactics which adapted to existing sources of power. The wind and human power (rows) and from the XIXth century, steam power and the rule of fossil fuels, up to the dominance of nuclear energy for the most valuable assets. There has been path of divergence and convergence also between civilian ships and their navy counterparts, like the famous Galleons of the XVI-XVIIth century that blended the role of cargo and warship. This survived well into the twentieth on civilian ships, first as a precaution (like fake ports) then as a tradition on mixed and tall ships.

Nowadays the most complex hand-built moving crafts ever designed by mankind, arguably, are nuclear submarines. Specialization and optimization helped global trade in the last XXth century, and especially the XXIth one frequently called “globalized”, based on the consumer society. The challenges world’s fleets are facing are huge, traducing like always the shifting weight of nations in geopolitics. The rise of the Chinese Navy is a perfect example of this.

A bit of history:

Naval Encyclopedia was born in 2010, by the same creator as tanks encyclopedia. For long, it has been a dependency of navistory.com, dedicated to the age of sail, as its industrial era expansion. Now traduced in English, with navistory’s contents ported too, it is mirroring tanks encyclopedia for everything related to warships…

But not only. Civilian ships has always been an interesting part of naval history, almost as exciting when thinking of huge container ships, race boats, clippers or the romance of blue ribbon luxury liners. Tanks and aviation emerged in 1915, whereas warships were already there in the Bronze age, empires makers, and are still to this day the largest, costliest, mightiest, and sometimes most complex vehicles ever designed.

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