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27/09/2020: Soviet Project 633 (NATO Romeo class submarines (1957)

The Project 633 were among the most advanced of the first generation Soviet SSK (Conventional diesel-electric attack submarines). They were designed after the Quebec and Zulu class to succeed to the Whiskey class (Project 613), preparing the way for the second generation, mass produced Project 641, NATO Foxtrot class. They were initially designed to be propelled by the revolutionary Kreislauf drive, but this was not deemed proven enough. The Romeo class was also supposed to be mass-produced up to 560 boats, but after the death of Stalin, Khrushchev imposed a new direction towards nuclear submarines and cancelled the project, after only 21 boats. However, blueprints were given to the Chinese, which will derived from it the mass-built Type 033.

The First Online Warship Museum

What it is about ?

Naval Encyclopedia is the first online warship museum. Dedicated to the history of all ships of the industrial era, roughly since 1820 to this day. Although the main scope is about the XXth century through four main eras (WW1 and second world war, cold war and modern-day fleets), the website also covers (and will cover) civilian liners, first steamers, ships from the age of sail from the ancient ships of classical antiquity to medieval ships and renaissance vessels up to the enlightenment era ships which ambition also to cover most main types of ships of the time and famous examples.

Naval History is indeed quite old and warships has been a constant evolution, just as tactics which adapted to existing sources of power. The wind and human power (rows) and from the XIXth century, steam power and the rule of fossil fuels, up to the dominance of nuclear energy for the most valuable assets. There has been path of divergence and convergence also between civilian ships and their navy counterparts, like the famous Galleons of the XVI-XVIIth century that blended the role of cargo and warship. This survived well into the twentieth on civilian ships, first as a precaution (like fake ports) then as a tradition on mixed and tall ships.

Nowadays the most complex hand-built moving crafts ever designed by mankind, arguably, are nuclear submarines. Specialization and optimization helped global trade in the last XXth century, and especially the XXIth one frequently called “globalized”, based on the consumer society. The challenges world’s fleets are facing are huge, traducing like always the shifting weight of nations in geopolitics. The rise of the Chinese Navy is a perfect example of this.

A bit of history:

Naval Encyclopedia is born in 2010, by the same creator as tanks encyclopedia. For long, it has been a dependency of navistory.com, dedicated to the age of sail, as its industrial era expansion. Now traduced in English, with navistory’s contents ported too, it is mirroring tanks encyclopedia for everything related to warships…

But not only. Civilian ships has always been an interesting part of naval history, almost as exciting when thinking of huge container ships, race boats, clippers or the romance of blue ribbon luxury liners. Tanks and aviation emerged in 1915, whereas warships were already there in the Bronze age, empires makers, and are still to this day the largest, costliest, mightiest, and sometimes most complex vehicles ever designed.

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Romeo class submarines (Project 633 – 1957)

Romeo class submarines (Project 633 – 1957)

21 submarines (1958-62) Introduction: Perhaps not the best-known cold war conventional submarine of Soviet naval forces, the Romeo class as known in the Western world were the Project 633. They were nevertheless known for two reasons: -First, they took the succession of the Project 613 (Whiskey class), the 1st generation cold war soviet submarines. -Second, … Continue reading "Romeo class submarines (Project 633 – 1957)" ...
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