Development and Design
Derived from battle cruisers Moltke class, Seydlitz differed in many respects. She had a revised hull with three successive bridges, and a singular configuration, but with the same arrangement of artillery, again a revised protection, plus three thousand tons more in displacement. Despite of it was more powerful and faster. Probably the most modern battle cruiser ever owned a Nation in 1914, SMS Seydlitz proved the excellence of its fire control systems at the famous battle of Jutland, taking torpedoes and perhaps 25 hits without sinking, whereas the British cruisers blew up at the first salvo (for hazardous storage and ammunition handling procedures).
The “shell magnet”
Her baptism of fire took place at the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1914, against the HMS Lion, conceding three hits that caused a dramatic fire. Repaired, she back into service only to hit a mine in 1916 and again repaired. At the Battle of Jutland, she was hit by two torpedoes from the destroyers HMS Petard and Turbulent, and above 22 hits including 16 from the British latest fast dreadnoughts (381 mm). Managing to survive miraculously, she barely made it to the German coast, beaching with more than 5330 tons of seawater its bulkheads. Again repaired, he reached Scapa Flow like the rest of the Hochseeflotte after the armistice, scuttled it in 1919, and was bailed to be demolished in 1928.
Seydlitz class specifications
|Dimensions||200 x 28,5 x 9,2 m|
|Displacement||24,600t, 28,100t FL|
|Propulsion||4 screws, 4 Parsons turbines, 27 Schultze-Thornycroft boilers, 88 500 hp|
|Speed||26.5 knots (49.1 km/h; 30.5 mph)|
|Range||4,200 nmi (7,800 km; 4,800 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|Armament||10 x 280 (5×2), 12 x 150, 12 x 88|
|Armor||Battery 200, citadel 220, turrets 251, belt 300, blockhaus 350, barbettes 230 mm|
Video: The Seydlitz – specs and battle damage
Illustration of the Seydlitz in 1914