Industrial Era Fleets

Presentation

At the forefront is the United Kingdom, second only to France, and in third place the Spanish fleet in a way that has barely changed since the end of napoleonic wars… Russia was at that time, a match for the Turkish fleet, but certainly not against a combined Franco-British squadron.

1854: Review on the eve of the Crimean War:
Russian imperial navy flag Russian imperial Navy in 1854
French empire flag French imperial navy in 1854
United kingdom flag Royal navy in 1854
Turkish Ottoman empire flag Ottoman imperial navy in 1854

1861: The Secession War.
That conflict raged during four years and seen naval combats as well as riverine battles, and many military improvements and new concepts put to the test. The disproportion of naval forces in favor of the Union is obvious. Nonetheless, the two fleets dealing with different priorities are interesting by the units they built and operated during the conflict:

union fleet The Union fleet (later called “old navy”)
confederacy The Confederate fleet

1865: The Austro-Italian war:
The Battle of Lissa highlights the usefulness of the spur resulting from the vessels propulsion, and as subsequent renewal of antiquity tactics and general flavor. This section focuses on the potential of the fleets of its two belligerents at the beginning of the conflict. An ageing, multicultural empire, and a dashing new nation, who recently gets its independence.

Austro-Hungarian empire Austro-Hungarian empire
Grand Duchy of Tuscany navy flag Grand Duchy of Tuscany (and other italian Navies)

1870: The Ironclad era & the Franco-Prussian war
An era defined by the launching of the French Gloire and the British Warrior which led the way for all other European nations, and punctated by the Franco-Prussian War. The naval forces in this played a little part, but the state of the navies of the time is a good screenshot of what will come. Fleets are ranked in order of importance.

French empire flag French imperial navy
prussian navy flag Prussian Royal navy (and other germanic navies)

Other fleets of the time :
Russian imperial navy flag Russian imperial Navy
Nihhon Kaigun flag Japanese imperial navy
United kingdom flag Royal navy
US navy flag United States Navy
Italian navy flag Italian kingdom
Spanish kingdom flag Spanish Armada
Dutch Kingdom flag Dutch Royal navy
Turkish Ottoman empire flag Ottoman imperial navy
Chinese empire flag Chinese imperial navy

1890: The Fashoda incident :
Three fleets are then nominated for the colonial control of Africa. Steam definitely replaced sail, turrets have supplanted batteries, destroyers, submarines and mines appeared. Dramatic sea warfare chages are on the way, a new diplomatic order is building on the world chessboard.

United kingdom flag Royal navy
French empire flag French imperial navy
prussian navy flag Prussian Royal navy (and other germanic navies)

1894: The Sino-Japanese War :
First – (the second comes in 1937), sees clash of ships still rely on technology and Western expertise. The success of Japan at Yalu, far from certain at the start, earned the empire a model of commitment to Britain, while cultivating its difference and overall confident about its superiority in Asia.

Nihhon Kaigun flag Japanese imperial navy
Chinese empire flag Chinese imperial navy

1898: The Spanish-American War :
In “splendid little war”, largely due to Teddy Roosevelt expansionism will, the American casus belli came as an excuse to help the insurgents to free Cubans from the old Hispanic rule, starting from the accidental explosion of the USS Maine, well exploited by press. In two battles, the still young and freshly reconstituted US navy decisively defeated a Spanish fleet almost without loss, despite superior forces, although made up of obsolete ships and victims of the defensive choices of their commander, helped by US deception and surprise alike.
Spanish kingdom flag Spanish Armada
US navy flag United States Navy

1905: The Russo-Japanese War
Although a priori out of place on this site dealing with the nineteenth century, this war as part of the last confrontation of battleships in the old style. In 1906, in fact, arrive early dreadnoughts that require rethinking the concepts of naval warfare in terms of speed rather than firepower. We take the opportunity to make a general assessment of fleets at that time:
Belligerents :

Russian imperial navy flag Russian imperial Navy
Nihhon Kaigun flag Japanese imperial navy

Other fleets of the time :
United kingdom flag Royal navy
French republic flag French republican navy
Imperial german navy flag Imperial German navy
US navy flag United States Navy
Italian navy flag Italian kingdom
Spanish kingdom flag Spanish Armada
Dutch Kingdom flag Dutch Royal navy
Turkish Ottoman empire flag Ottoman imperial navy
Chinese empire flag Chinese imperial navy